GLAADhe world's largest LGBTQ media-advocacy organizationhas released its "Local Media Accountability Index - U.S. South," a measurement and evaluation of LGBTQ and HIV coverage in local news outlets across nine Southern states.
Read the full report here. PDF here: https://www.glaad.org/publications/local-media-accountability-index.
GLAAD's "Local Media Accountability Index - U.S. South" researched 181 local media outlets, both print and broadcast television, across Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Texas, over an 18-month period, June 2019 to December 2020. The evaluation period was designed to include coverage before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, which has heavily and disproportionately impacted LGBTQ people and LGBTQ people of color. Local LGBTQ and HIV-specific outlets were not among those measured, as they consistently cover the issues important to their communities and include local people and leaders.
This new research is part of the Gilead COMPASS Initiative®, an unprecedented more than $100 million commitment over 10 years to support hundreds organizations working to address the HIV epidemic in the Southern United States. In its first four years, COMPASS has helped train over 13,000 people across the U.S. South to become better advocates, combating HIV stigma and educating communities across the region. COMPASS focuses on providing concentrated investments in the region to reduce HIV-related health disparities, build awareness, advance education, and reduce stigma. The Index is part of a $9 million multi-year grant to GLAAD designed to improve the quantity and quality of news coverage of LGBTQ issues and HIV as well as provide media preparation to hundreds of LGBTQ and HIV advocates in the Southern United States.
Quote from Sarah Kate Ellis, GLAAD President and CEO:
"Local media have a tremendous responsibility to represent all in their communities, and that must include LGBTQ people. As anti-LGBTQ legislation is on the rise and HIV continues to impact communities across the U.S. South, GLAAD's Local Media Accountability Index shows significant under-reporting of LGBTQ stories, a lack of local LGBTQ voices in stories and limited coverage of issues like HIV. Fair and accurate news coverage can break HIV stigma and accelerate acceptance of LGBTQ lives. Our new report is a baseline count to partner with local Southern newsrooms to ensure more stories are told that include LGBTQ residents and organizations from across the region."
"HIV remains a public health crisis in the United States and it continues to disproportionately impact Black and LGBTQ+ communities, particularly in the U.S. South," said Brett Pletcher, Executive Vice President, Corporate Affairs and General Counsel, Gilead Sciences. "Stories to present facts and raise awareness about HIV while dismantling stigma are essential to helping end the epidemic in the region. Gilead is proud to partner with GLAAD and we hope this Media Accountability Index will help impact change within media outlets in the Southern United States."
1,300 stories about or including LGBTQ people across all nine states
39 outlets had no or negligible LGBTQ content in their reports; at least one outlet in every Southern state studied did not produce an LGBTQ-related story during the 18-month period
Mississippi had the most number of outlets (12) with zero LGBTQ coverage
Only 79 stories were produced that addressed HIV across a region that has the highest rates of new infections, deaths and includes an estimated 500,000 people living with HIV
Of the 79 HIV-related stories, only 27 were substantive, including any facts about latest science about prevention, treatment, and transmission, and how people with HIV are living long, healthy lives and, when on proper medications, cannot transmit
GLAAD also evaluated Southern local news coverage for basic reporting practices, and includes recommendations for improving coverage of LGBTQ people and issues:
Including LGBTQ voices and local LGBTQ people in stories
Reporting authentic names and pronouns of transgender people, avoiding misgendering and "deadnaming"— reporting the birthname a transgender person no longer uses
Covering HIV issues with facts about how HIV is preventable, survivable, treatable and when treated effectively becomes undetectable and untransmittable (U=U)
Avoiding false "balance" storytelling; factchecking anti-LGBTQ sources with objective data, including a history of anti-equality advocacy
GLAAD and COMPASS partners across the South are reaching out to newsrooms to discuss the findings and share best practices to improve coverage of LGBTQ stories and HIV, in the region where a majority of LGBTQ Americans live.
GLAAD rewrites the script for LGBTQ acceptance. As a dynamic media force, GLAAD tackles tough issues to shape the narrative and provoke dialogue that leads to cultural change. GLAAD protects all that has been accomplished and creates a world where everyone can live the life they love. Follow GLAAD on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram.