An independent think tank that studies the progress of the movement on equal rights for LGBT people released its latest report Tuesday, and the assessment is a surprising "mixed."
The Movement Advancement Project's "Momentum Report" acknowledges "unprecedented progress" towards marriage equality in the past two years but notes that, while 17 states allow same-sex couples to marry, 33 don't. And progress on other issues of importance to the LGBT movement, such as bullying and employment discrimination, 'have slowed significantly."
"In fact, over half of U.S. states lack even the basic laws protecting LGBT people from discrimination in housing, employment and public accommodations," notes MAP, a Denver-based group whose work is funded by 13 foundations and LGBT supporters, including the Gill Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the David Geffen Foundation, and James Hormel.
"The fact is, most states have passed few or no laws protecting LGBT people," states the report. "In the spirit of Charles Dickens' famous line, 'It was the best of times, it was the worst of times,' the remarkable progress of recent years in some states has obscured the fact that in a majority of states, LGBT people still are treated under the law as second-class citizens."
The report divides the states into three categories: "High Equality" states (20 plus D.C.), "Medium Equality" states (2-Wisconsin and Indiana), and "Low Equality" states. The "High Equality" states include California, Illinois, Massachusetts, and New York. The "Low Equality" states include Arizona, Florida, Michigan, and Texas.
The report said momentum favors continued progress in marriage equality, in large part because public opinion polls show a growing percentage of Americans accept the fairness of allowing same-sex couples to marry. But it noted that, despite the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark decision striking down the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), the availability of benefits involving certain federal agencies —Social Security, Medicaid, and Medicare, to name three big onesremains "unclear."
The report also noted "real progress" in fighting discrimination through local government ordinances and major employer policies. It noted that 188 local governments in states with no sexual orientation discrimination protection now prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation, as does 91 percent of Fortune 500 corporations.
Among the more interesting facts included in the report this year are:
- every state but one has an openly LGBT elected official;
- there are more than one million LGBT veterans; 71,000 are serving in the military currently;
- there are about 140,000 transgender veterans;
- only 21 states and D.C. have "unambiguous laws" allowing same-sex couples to adopt children;
- 20 percent of hate crimes reported by law enforcement agencies to the FBI in 2012 involved sexual orientation bias;
- three times as many people between the ages of 18 and 29 self-identify as LGBT compared to people 65 and older; and
- "the number of regular and recurring LGBT characters on broadcast network television reached its highest point in five years during the 2012-13 season."
© copyright 2014 by Keen News Service. All rights reserved.
From Movement Advancement Project
DENVER, CO, January 28, 2014 When it comes to marriage for same-sex couples, the past two years have brought some astonishing changes. In 2012 and 2013, 11 additional states extended the freedom to marry, while the U.S. Supreme Court struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act ( DOMA ), resulting in federal recognition of married same-sex couples across the nation.
Yet in the midst of these historic gains, the Movement Advancement Project's newly released 2014 Momentum Report observes that there have been fewer advances in many other areas critical to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender ( LGBT ) Americans. For example, no new states passed laws explicitly protecting LGBT students from bullying. Similarly, over half of states still lack legislation protecting LGBT Americans from employment discriminationand no new states passed such legislation in the last two years ( though Delaware updated their law to include transgender workers ).
MAP's biennial Momentum Report details progress in the LGBT movement's wide-ranging pursuit of fair and equal opportunity for LGBT Americans, the work left to be done, and the relatively slow advances in other areas of LGBT equality. The new report, which analyzes progress in 2012 and 2013 across nine different areas affecting LGBT people, is available here.
"If you look at the 17 states that extend the freedom to marry, marriage was the culmination of a years-long journey that first included passing employment nondiscrimination protections, hate crime laws, safe schools legislation, and more," said Ineke Mushovic, executive director of MAP. "Yet over half of states either haven't begun or are just in the beginning phases of this journey. They often lack even the most basic statewide legal protections, meaning gay workers can be fired just because of who they are, transgender youth can face unchecked bullying in schools, and LGBT parents can remain legal strangers to their children. These low-equality states are home to half of the nation's LGBT population, including many who experience extreme discrimination and high rates of poverty, but who are often bound to stay by their jobs and love for their communities and families."
Among the report's findings from 2012-2013:
1 ) Marriage and Relationship Recognition:
11 additional states extended the freedom to marry, bringing the total to 17 plus the District of Columbia.
The Supreme Court effectively invalidated Proposition 8, California's marriage ban, and struck down Section 3 of the federal Defense of Marriage Act ( DOMA ), requiring the federal government to recognize married same-sex couples.
2 ) Employment Nondiscrimination
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ( EEOC ) ruled that transgender workers can file claims for sex discrimination.
The U.S. Senate passed the LGBT-inclusive Employment Non-Discrimination Act.
State employment nondiscrimination efforts stalled in Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Virginia, and Wyoming, leaving 29 states without laws protecting LGBT workers.
3 ) Parental Recognition and Adoption Laws
Passage of marriage or comprehensive relationship recognition in Maryland ( 2012 ), Colorado ( 2013 ), Minnesota ( 2013 ), and New Mexico ( 2013 ) means that legally recognized same-sex couples in 21 states plus D.C. can petition for joint adoption.
The Kansas Court of Appeals ruled that the state does not permit second-parent adoptions.
4 ) Immigration and Travel
The Supreme Court's decision striking down Section 3 of DOMA means that Americans can sponsor their same-sex spouse for citizenship or permanent residence.
Comprehensive immigration reform remains stalled in Congress, leaving millions of immigrants, including those who are LGBT, living in limbo.
5 ) Safe Schools and Anti-Bullying Laws
GLSEN's 2012 National School Climate Survey showed decreased levels of biased language and victimization reported by the nation's LGBT high school students.
No new states passed safe schools laws; only 19 states and the District of Columbia have such laws protecting LGBT students.
6 ) Hate Crimes
Congress passed an LGBT-inclusive Violence Against Women Act.
7 ) Health and HIV/AIDS
The Department of Health and Human Services clarified that the Affordable Care Act prohibits discrimination based on sex in the provision of health insurance, including on the basis of transgender status.
California and New Jersey banned conversion therapy for minors.
HIV/AIDS continues to be a significant and growing problem, with incidence of infection rising among gay menand transgender women, and in particular, gay men of color and transgender women of color.
8 ) Identity Documents
The Veterans Health Administration and the Social Security Administration eased restrictions for changing one's gender marker on documents.
California and the District of Columbia passed laws easing process for changing one's gender marker on birth certificates.
9 ) Public Service & Cultural Visibility
The nation is currently served by a record-high number of out LGBT public officials, including the first openly lesbian U.S. senator.
"The Momentum Report provides an important reminder that LGBT Americans and their families still face many critical challenges," said Jeff Graham, executive director of Georgia Equality. "From passing nondiscrimination laws to creating safe schools, from accessing quality health care to ensuring legal protections for LGBT families, the legislatures in over half of the states have failed to secure even the most basic level of equality for their LGBT citizenscausing many cities and counties to take local action to help address these gaps."
"This is about basic human dignity," said Elyzabeth Holford, executive director of Equality Ohio. "Many of our volunteers tell us they live in constant fear of being fired. They just want the opportunity to do their jobs and provide for their families. Mentioning or being seen with their families means they risk being fired. We know most Ohioan businesses and managers believe in treating people fairly, but when that good judgment breaks down, LGBT workers need basic protections under the law."
"This report highlights a reality that LGBT Americans in Idaho know only too well," says Monica Hopkins, executive director of the ACLU of Idaho. "While we have had some success in passing municipal nondiscrimination protections, we need to continue to build critical local-level support. We receive weekly calls from LGBT residents who have been unfairly fired, denied housing, or who want to adopt the children they are raising with their partnerand there is usually very little we can do."
Founded in 2006, the Movement Advancement Project ( MAP ) is an independent think tank that provides rigorous research, insight and analysis that help speed equality for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender ( LGBT ) people.
See www.lgbtmap.org/momentum-report .